The Bill of Rights
The First 10 Amendments to the Constitution as Ratified by the States
Slightly Modified[^1] by Attorney General John Ashcroft in the War against Terrorism[^2]
Amendment I [ammendment_1]
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or
prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of
the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the
Government for a redress of grievances.
Amendment II [ammendment_2]
A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
Amendment III [ammendment_3]
No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
Amendment IV [ammendment_4]
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and
effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and
no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or
affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the
persons or things to be seized.
Amendment V [ammendment_5]
No person shall
be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime,
unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising
in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time
of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same
offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb ; nor shall be compelled
in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life,
liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be
taken for public use, without just compensation.
Amendment VI [ammendment_6]
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy
and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the
crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously
ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the
accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory
process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of
Counsel for his defence.
Amendment VII [ammendment_7]
In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty
dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a
jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any Court of the United States, than
according to the rules of the common law.
Amendment VIII [ammendment_8]
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel
and unusual punishments inflicted.
Amendment IX [ammendment_9]
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be
construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
Amendment X [ammendment_10]
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
[^1]: H.R 3162: USA PATRIOT Act, signed into law (107-56), Oct 26, 2001
Today we seek to meet the challenge of terrorism with the same careful
regard for the Constitutional rights of Americans and respect for all human
beings. Just as American rights and freedoms have been preserved throughout
previous law enforcement campaigns, they must be preserved throughout this war
on terrorism. This Justice Department will never waiver in our defense of the
Constitution nor relent our defense of civil rights. - John Ashcroft,
Prepared Remarks before Senate Judiciary Committe, Sep 25, 2001