Use at your own risk. No guarantees stated or implied.
In general C refers to the Control key, which is also referred to as ^ at times. For instance, C-c means Control-c. ^C also means Control-c.
In general M refers to the Meta key, which is also ESC and ^[. For instance, M-x means ESC-x.
Movement Forward: Backward C-n 1 line C-p C-f 1 character C-b C-v 1 page M-v C-a line start/end C-e M-< file start end M-> Search/Replace C-s search forwards C-r search backwards Cut/Paste C-d clear letter M-d clear word C-k cut line M-k cut sentence C-y paste C-@ set mark C-spc set mark C-w cut from mark M-w copy from mark C-x C-x exchange mark and cursor File manipulation C-x C-v new C-x C-f open C-x C-s save C-x C-w save as C-x C-c quit Misc C-l redraw screen C-o insert line M-q reformat current paragraph C-x o switch windows C-x 0 hide current window C-x 1 maxmize current window C-x 2 split window horizontally C-x 5 split window vertically C-x C-b list all buffers (files) in memory C-x k close current buffer (file) C-g cancel command C-h help (repeat C-h for more detail) Last but not least: M-x (also known as ESC-x) will then let you type in a command to execute. examples include: M-x query replace (selective search and replace) M-x replace string (global search and replace)